Needling TePs in OAK

...does it make any difference? Inspired by Liu et al 2022.[1] Some interesting looking structures in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. TePs – tender pointsOA – osteoarthritisOAK – osteoarthritis of the kneeAPs – acupuncture pointsTrPs – trigger pointsEA – electroacupuncturekey to acronyms This is a large clinical trial (n=666) from Chengdu that compares different acupuncture approaches to … Continue reading Needling TePs in OAK

Evidence mapping 2022

Inspired by number 8 in the BMJ acupuncture research series.[1–8] SR – systematic reviewICU – intensive care unitRCT – randomised controlled trialGRADE – Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (a method of grading the quality or ‘certainty’ and strength or ‘effect size’ of evidence inhealthcare)MSK – musculoskeletalES – effect sizeSMD – standardised mean differenceTMJD … Continue reading Evidence mapping 2022

Where to start in LBP

Stimulated by Harwood et al 2022.[1] Photo by Adam Jones on Unsplash. Photo by Olenka Kotyk on Unsplash. LBP – low back painUS – United States of AmericaHCCI – Heath Care Cost InstituteED – emergency departmentEM – emergency medicinekey to acronyms This is very large retrospective observational cohort from the US examining opioid use, other … Continue reading Where to start in LBP

RIX sham and cultural differences 2022

Stimulated by Prinsloo et al 2022.[1] Photo by Adli Wahid on Unsplash. Photo by MJ Tangonan on Unsplash. The photo on the left is from Shanghai and on the right from Austin – the centres involved in the research discussed. RIX – Radiotherapy-Induced XerostomiaXQ – Xerostomia Questionnairekey to acronyms At the end of 2019 a large, 2-centre, 3-arm study was … Continue reading RIX sham and cultural differences 2022

Acupuncture and reduced mortality

Inspired by Xian et al 2022.[1] Photo by NCI on Unsplash. SR – systematic reviewEA – electroacupunctureRCT – randomised controlled trialAPACHE – acute physiology and chronic health evaluationAPACHE II – a score applied to patients on admission to ICU for risk stratificationICU – intensive care unitMD – mean differenceCI – confidence intervalkey to acronyms I … Continue reading Acupuncture and reduced mortality

ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Inspired by Lv et al 2022.[1] MC's favourite protocol for prophylaxis of systemic inflammation. Frequencies vary with the device used: Cefar Acus 4 – 2Hz burst; AS Super 4 Digital – 2/15Hz dense dispersed; ITO ES130 – 10Hz. EA – electroacupunctureLPS – lipopolysaccharide (derived from bacterial cell membranes)TNFα – tumour necrosis factor alphaIL-1β – interleukin … Continue reading ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Acupuncture for PSA

Inspired by Li et al 2022.[1] Figure 2 from Lu et al BMJ 2022.[2]Cumulative meta-analysis of the use of acupuncture compared with language rehabilitation for functional communication in patients with post-stroke aphasia. Note that the values of each row are pooled estimates of all the previous trials plus the named trial of that row. PSA … Continue reading Acupuncture for PSA

Exercise vs IA saline in OAK

Inspired by Bandak et al 2022.[1] IA – intra-articularOA – osteoarthritisOAK – OA kneeGLA:D – Good Life with osteoArthritis in DenmarkUS – ultrasoundKOOS – Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome ScoreSMD – standardised mean difference (a measure of effect size used in meta-analyses)EA – electroacupunctureMCID – minimum clinically important differencekey to acronyms I am very grateful … Continue reading Exercise vs IA saline in OAK

Smartphone-controlled TENS

Inspired by Joan Gan et al 2021 and Sha et al 2022.[1,2] Joan Gan et al Figure 1.[1] TENS – transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulationEA – electroacupunctureSCEA – smartphone-controlled EA (note this was not a form of EA)key to acronyms I found this paper from last year thanks to a letter written in response, which was … Continue reading Smartphone-controlled TENS

Burkholderia pseudomallei

Inspired by Xiao et al 2022.[1] Cerevisae, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons.  DM – diabetes mellitusT6SS – type VI secretion systemT3SS – type III secretion systemCT – computed tomographyTB – tuberculosisMRI – magnetic resonance imagingIV – intravenouskey to acronyms Also known as Pseudomonas pseudomallei, sure enough this Gram-negative, bipolar, aerobic, motile, rod bacterium appears … Continue reading Burkholderia pseudomallei