Acupuncture and reduced mortality

Inspired by Xian et al 2022.[1] Photo by NCI on Unsplash. SR – systematic reviewEA – electroacupunctureRCT – randomised controlled trialAPACHE – acute physiology and chronic health evaluationAPACHE II – a score applied to patients on admission to ICU for risk stratificationICU – intensive care unitMD – mean differenceCI – confidence intervalkey to acronyms I … Continue reading Acupuncture and reduced mortality

ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Inspired by Lv et al 2022.[1] MC's favourite protocol for prophylaxis of systemic inflammation. Frequencies vary with the device used: Cefar Acus 4 – 2Hz burst; AS Super 4 Digital – 2/15Hz dense dispersed; ITO ES130 – 10Hz. EA – electroacupunctureLPS – lipopolysaccharide (derived from bacterial cell membranes)TNFα – tumour necrosis factor alphaIL-1β – interleukin … Continue reading ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Acupuncture for SAR 2022

Inspired by Gellrich et al 2022.[1] Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com SAR – Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (aka hay fever)aka – also known asAR – allergic rhinitisRCT – randomised controlled trialMA – manual acupunctureARC – Acupuncture in Routine Care (acronym for a set of pragmatic trials within theModellvorhaben Akupunktur)ICER – incremental cost-effectiveness ratioQALY – quality adjusted … Continue reading Acupuncture for SAR 2022

Risk of T2DM in RA

Inspired by Chen et al 2021.[1] Tea fields, Alishan Township, Chiayi County, Taiwan. Photo by Alexa Soh on Unsplash. T2DM – type 2 diabetes mellitusRA – rheumatoid arthritisCHD – coronary heart diseaseaHR – adjusted hazard ratioMA – manual acupunctureEA – electroacupunctureTNFα – tumour necrosis factor alpha (a potent inflammatory cytokine)LHID – longitudinal health insurance database … Continue reading Risk of T2DM in RA

A neuroanatomic basis for EA

Inspired by Lui et al 2021.[1] Diagramatic representation of the genetic manipulation used to make cells expressing both prokineticin receptor 2 and advillin produce and thus fluoresce with tdTomato – redrawn by MC on Adobe Illustrator. EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factor (2-year)Prokr2Adv – a set of nerves expressing both Prokr2 and advillinProkr2 – prokineticin … Continue reading A neuroanatomic basis for EA

Implanted pigs

Inspired by Sokal et al 2021.[1] Photo by Mark Stebnicki on Pexels.com IF – impact factorVNS – vagal nerve stimulationSpNS – splenic nerve stimulationNVB – neurovascular bundleSpN – splenic nerveSpA – splenic arterySpV – splenic veinIPG – implanted pulse generatoreCAP – evoked compound action potentialLPS – lipopolysaccharide (usually derived from E coli)mABP – mean arterial … Continue reading Implanted pigs

ST36 EA and antitumour effects

Stimulated by Zhang et al 2021,[1] and Yang et al 2019.[2] Screen shot taken from the BMAS self acupuncture resource – this is the same EA protocol as resulted in antitumour effects. EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorMDSCs – myeloid-derived suppressor cellsCD8+ T cells – cytotoxic T lymphocytes expressing the CD8 glycoproteinNK cell – natural … Continue reading ST36 EA and antitumour effects

ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS

Stimulated by Chen et al 2021,[1] and Courties et al 2021.[2] Photo by Sora Shimazaki on Pexels.com EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorIBD – inflammatory bowel diseaseNGF – nerve growth factorTrkA – tropomyosin receptor kinase A (high affinity NGF receptor)TRPV1 – transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (aka capsaicin receptor)DRGs – dorsal root gangliaCAP – cholinergic … Continue reading ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS

ST36 vs ST25 EA in sepsis

Inspired by Liu et al 2020.[1] Photo by Markus Spiske on Pexels.com ST36 – an acupuncture point location in upper tibialis anterior (L4/L5 myotome)ST25 – an acupuncture point location in rectus abdominis (T10 myotome)EA – ElectroacupunctureLPS – lipopolysaccharide (basically this is chopped up E coli cell walls)LD – lethal doseLD80 – dose at which 80% … Continue reading ST36 vs ST25 EA in sepsis

CHD incidence in RA and acupuncture

Inspired by Wu et al. BMC Complement Altern Med 2018.[1] The title of this paper is rather eye-catching for the Western medic: Acupuncture decreased the risk of coronary heart disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Taiwan… Really? Are you suggesting that acupuncture is the next statin? Surely not! Well, let me start by saying … Continue reading CHD incidence in RA and acupuncture