Intranasal acupuncture 2023

Inspired by Liu et al 2023.[1] Figure 1 from Liu et al 2023.[1] INA – intranasal acupuncturePAR – persistent allergic rhinitisWM – western medicine (in this case – nasal steroid and antihistamine)VAS – visual analogue scaleRQLQ – rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire key to acroyms I first came across INA when a consultant ENT surgeon (a … Continue reading Intranasal acupuncture 2023

EA for ERAS 2022

Inspired by Wang et al 2022.[1] EA protocol used in Wang et al 2022 (left), and what I would do in the same circumstances (right). EA – electroacupunctureERAS – enhanced recovery after surgeryPOI – postoperative ileusMA – manual acupunctureTEAS – transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (a form of TENS)TTNS – transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (a form … Continue reading EA for ERAS 2022

Acupuncture and reduced mortality

Inspired by Xian et al 2022.[1] Photo by NCI on Unsplash. SR – systematic reviewEA – electroacupunctureRCT – randomised controlled trialAPACHE – acute physiology and chronic health evaluationAPACHE II – a score applied to patients on admission to ICU for risk stratificationICU – intensive care unitMD – mean differenceCI – confidence interval key to acronyms … Continue reading Acupuncture and reduced mortality

ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Inspired by Lv et al 2022.[1] MC's favourite protocol for prophylaxis of systemic inflammation. Frequencies vary with the device used: Cefar Acus 4 – 2Hz burst; AS Super 4 Digital – 2/15Hz dense dispersed; ITO ES130 – 10Hz. EA – electroacupunctureLPS – lipopolysaccharide (derived from bacterial cell membranes)TNFα – tumour necrosis factor alphaIL-1β – interleukin … Continue reading ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Acupuncture for SAR 2022

Inspired by Gellrich et al 2022.[1] Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com SAR – Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (aka hay fever)aka – also known asAR – allergic rhinitisRCT – randomised controlled trialMA – manual acupunctureARC – Acupuncture in Routine Care (acronym for a set of pragmatic trials within theModellvorhaben Akupunktur)ICER – incremental cost-effectiveness ratioQALY – quality adjusted … Continue reading Acupuncture for SAR 2022

Risk of T2DM in RA

Inspired by Chen et al 2021.[1] Tea fields, Alishan Township, Chiayi County, Taiwan. Photo by Alexa Soh on Unsplash. T2DM – type 2 diabetes mellitusRA – rheumatoid arthritisCHD – coronary heart diseaseaHR – adjusted hazard ratioMA – manual acupunctureEA – electroacupunctureTNFα – tumour necrosis factor alpha (a potent inflammatory cytokine)LHID – longitudinal health insurance database … Continue reading Risk of T2DM in RA

A neuroanatomic basis for EA

Inspired by Lui et al 2021.[1] Diagramatic representation of the genetic manipulation used to make cells expressing both prokineticin receptor 2 and advillin produce and thus fluoresce with tdTomato – redrawn by MC on Adobe Illustrator. EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factor (2-year)Prokr2Adv – a set of nerves expressing both Prokr2 and advillinProkr2 – prokineticin … Continue reading A neuroanatomic basis for EA

Implanted pigs

Inspired by Sokal et al 2021.[1] Photo by Mark Stebnicki on Pexels.com IF – impact factorVNS – vagal nerve stimulationSpNS – splenic nerve stimulationNVB – neurovascular bundleSpN – splenic nerveSpA – splenic arterySpV – splenic veinIPG – implanted pulse generatoreCAP – evoked compound action potentialLPS – lipopolysaccharide (usually derived from E coli)mABP – mean arterial … Continue reading Implanted pigs

ST36 EA and antitumour effects

Stimulated by Zhang et al 2021,[1] and Yang et al 2019.[2] Screen shot taken from the BMAS self acupuncture resource – this is the same EA protocol as resulted in antitumour effects. EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorMDSCs – myeloid-derived suppressor cellsCD8+ T cells – cytotoxic T lymphocytes expressing the CD8 glycoproteinNK cell – natural … Continue reading ST36 EA and antitumour effects

ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS

Stimulated by Chen et al 2021,[1] and Courties et al 2021.[2] Photo by Sora Shimazaki on Pexels.com EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorIBD – inflammatory bowel diseaseNGF – nerve growth factorTrkA – tropomyosin receptor kinase A (high affinity NGF receptor)TRPV1 – transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (aka capsaicin receptor)DRGs – dorsal root gangliaCAP – cholinergic … Continue reading ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS