Muscle vs fascia in LBP

Inspired by Cozacov et al 2022 and others.[1–3] Photo by Juan Pablo Serrano Arenas on Pexels.com LBP – low back painQL – quadratus lumborumHC – healthy controlUS – ultrasoundNRS – numerical rating scaleLTR – local twitch responseFM – fibromyalgiaOA – osteoarthritisDOMS – delayed onset muscle soreness key to acronyms This is a small but interesting … Continue reading Muscle vs fascia in LBP

ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

Inspired by Lv et al 2022.[1] MC's favourite protocol for prophylaxis of systemic inflammation. Frequencies vary with the device used: Cefar Acus 4 – 2Hz burst; AS Super 4 Digital – 2/15Hz dense dispersed; ITO ES130 – 10Hz. EA – electroacupunctureLPS – lipopolysaccharide (derived from bacterial cell membranes)TNFα – tumour necrosis factor alphaIL-1β – interleukin … Continue reading ST36 EA and T cells in sepsis

EA in FD 2022

Inspired by Wu et al, Yang et al, & Li et al 2022.[1–3] Image by Paweł Czerwiński on Unsplash. EA – electroacupunctureFD – functional dyspepsia or functional diarrhoeaFDys – functional dyspepsia (in this blog)FDr – functional diarrhoea (in this blog)IBS – irritable bowel syndrometid – ter in die (3 times a day)tds – ter die sumendus (to be … Continue reading EA in FD 2022

Adjuvant acupuncture in cancer treatment 2021

Inspired by Ke et al 2021 and Shih et al.[1,2] Looking into the destruction chamber of a proteasome. Image by Thomas Splettstoesser (www.scistyle.com), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons. EA – electroacupunctureMM – multiple myelomaLC-MS – liquid chromatography mass spectrometryUHPLC-MS – ultra high performance LC-MSMA – manual acupunctureSR – systematic reviewkey to acronyms For the … Continue reading Adjuvant acupuncture in cancer treatment 2021

Distant vs local needling

Inspired by Yu et al 2021.[1] Photo by Dylann Hendricks | 딜란 on Unsplash. PoPS – principles of point selectionOA – osteoarthritisVAS – visual analogue scaleROM – range of movementHNCS – heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulationDNIC – diffuse noxious inhibitory controlkey to acronyms I will immediately admit that I am always biased in this debate in … Continue reading Distant vs local needling

Implanted pigs

Inspired by Sokal et al 2021.[1] Photo by Mark Stebnicki on Pexels.com IF – impact factorVNS – vagal nerve stimulationSpNS – splenic nerve stimulationNVB – neurovascular bundleSpN – splenic nerveSpA – splenic arterySpV – splenic veinIPG – implanted pulse generatoreCAP – evoked compound action potentialLPS – lipopolysaccharide (usually derived from E coli)mABP – mean arterial … Continue reading Implanted pigs

Transfer of FMS with IgG

Inspired by Goebel et al 2021.[1] Graphical abstract from Goebel et al 2021. FMS – fibromyalgia syndromeFM – fibromyalgiaIgG – immunoglobulin GIF – impact factorHC – healthy controlsCM – C-mechanoreceptorCMC – cold-sensitive CMDRGs – dorsal root gangliaSGCs – satellite glial cellsMTrPs – myofascial trigger pointsSHA – self home acupunctureST36 – an area in upper tibialis … Continue reading Transfer of FMS with IgG

EA for guinea pig OAK

Inspired by Spittler et al 2021,[1] Lam et al 2021,[2] and Ko et al 2021.[3] A Hartley guinea pig – a laboratory breed. EA – electroacupunctureMA – manual acupunctureOAK – osteoarthritis of the kneeRCT – randomised controlled trialSR – systematic reviewIF – impact factorC3 – complement component 3 (serum C3 rises in inflammation)VAS – visual … Continue reading EA for guinea pig OAK