Distant vs local needling

Inspired by Yu et al 2021.[1] Photo by Dylann Hendricks | 딜란 on Unsplash. PoPS – principles of point selectionOA – osteoarthritisVAS – visual analogue scaleROM – range of movementHNCS – heterotopic noxious conditioning stimulationDNIC – diffuse noxious inhibitory controlkey to acronyms I will immediately admit that I am always biased in this debate in … Continue reading Distant vs local needling

Implanted pigs

Inspired by Sokal et al 2021.[1] Photo by Mark Stebnicki on Pexels.com IF – impact factorVNS – vagal nerve stimulationSpNS – splenic nerve stimulationNVB – neurovascular bundleSpN – splenic nerveSpA – splenic arterySpV – splenic veinIPG – implanted pulse generatoreCAP – evoked compound action potentialLPS – lipopolysaccharide (usually derived from E coli)mABP – mean arterial … Continue reading Implanted pigs

Transfer of FMS with IgG

Inspired by Goebel et al 2021.[1] Graphical abstract from Goebel et al 2021. FMS – fibromyalgia syndromeFM – fibromyalgiaIgG – immunoglobulin GIF – impact factorHC – healthy controlsCM – C-mechanoreceptorCMC – cold-sensitive CMDRGs – dorsal root gangliaSGCs – satellite glial cellsMTrPs – myofascial trigger pointsSHA – self home acupunctureST36 – an area in upper tibialis … Continue reading Transfer of FMS with IgG

EA for guinea pig OAK

Inspired by Spittler et al 2021,[1] Lam et al 2021,[2] and Ko et al 2021.[3] A Hartley guinea pig – a laboratory breed. EA – electroacupunctureMA – manual acupunctureOAK – osteoarthritis of the kneeRCT – randomised controlled trialSR – systematic reviewIF – impact factorC3 – complement component 3 (serum C3 rises in inflammation)VAS – visual … Continue reading EA for guinea pig OAK

SCD and 100Hz EA for itch

Stimulated by Pan et al 2021,[1] and Li et al 2021.[2] Photo by Flickr on Pexels.com SCD – systemic contact dermatitisEA – electroacupunctureIgE – immunoglobulin EGRPR – gastrin-releasing peptide receptorDYN-A – dynorphin Akey to acronyms We have all heard of allergy to metals in the form of a localised dermatitis at the site of contact, … Continue reading SCD and 100Hz EA for itch

ST36 EA and antitumour effects

Stimulated by Zhang et al 2021,[1] and Yang et al 2019.[2] Screen shot taken from the BMAS self acupuncture resource – this is the same EA protocol as resulted in antitumour effects. EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorMDSCs – myeloid-derived suppressor cellsCD8+ T cells – cytotoxic T lymphocytes expressing the CD8 glycoproteinNK cell – natural … Continue reading ST36 EA and antitumour effects

ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS

Stimulated by Chen et al 2021,[1] and Courties et al 2021.[2] Photo by Sora Shimazaki on Pexels.com EA – electroacupunctureIF – impact factorIBD – inflammatory bowel diseaseNGF – nerve growth factorTrkA – tropomyosin receptor kinase A (high affinity NGF receptor)TRPV1 – transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (aka capsaicin receptor)DRGs – dorsal root gangliaCAP – cholinergic … Continue reading ST36 EA for visceral hypersensitivity and indirect VNS

Acupuncture vs drugs in migraine

Stimulated by Giannini et al 2021,[1] and Szikszay et al 2020.[2] Photo by MC Botox – botulinum toxin type ACG150 – NICE Clinical Guideline 150 (Headaches in over 12s)GERAC – GERman ACupuncture trialRR50 – responder rate defined by a 50% reduction in days with headacheOA – Offset Analgesia (surely they could have used a different … Continue reading Acupuncture vs drugs in migraine

Peripheral receptors and neuromediators

Stimulated by Trento et al 2021.[1] IF – impact factorAPs – acupuncture pointsNE – norepinephrine (aka noradrenaline)NO – nitric oxidekey to acronyms This paper was sent to me by Ari (second author) the day before it appeared on my PubMed searches. Ari has lectured to the BMAS in the past, and I met him first … Continue reading Peripheral receptors and neuromediators